Sunday, May 17, 2020

The aim of politics in moder politica thought - 1260 Words

In ancient times, it was said that a ruler should behave according to the standards and regulations set forth by the word of God. There was an absolute standard of justice that people had to follow. The ruler or sovereign was taught to act morally in order to be successful and gain spiritual happiness; morality and politics were unified, religion played an important role in the decision making. A ruler had to act accordingly based on the standards and moral ideas of ancient civilizations and the government, this meant, recognizing that there was an absolute right and an absolute wrong. The ruler and society as a whole, in ancient times, were preoccupied with their afterlife and wanting to achieve a better spiritual life by acting†¦show more content†¦Instead of relying on philosophy like the Greeks, he changes the view of politics to a more scientific way, by focusing on experiences rather than philosophical reason like the ancient. A ruler should act according to facts and experience not by speculations or word of God. Machiavelli teaches how a sovereign must be able to adapt to change and act depending on the circumstances at that particular moment, this is the way Machiavelli presents a lower aim in politics and how this position in government can be successfully achieved by a prince, particularly a new prince. Machiavelli’s lowering of politics creates an impact on the way ordinary subjects and citizens behave, a prince, according to Machiavelli, should be loved but most important to him, this sovereign should be feared, citizens need to obey and follow regulations and be faithful to the ruler, they are expected to honor and fight for their sovereign, in general, Machiavelli does not go into so much detail about the duties of the people, but he explains that by teaching the prince how to manage the system, he is working for the sake of people, as Machiavelli explains, a prince should follow two policies in which one of the two explains how a sovereign must keep balance and unchanged laws when conquering new territories, â€Å"not to change their laws or impose new taxes† (Machiavelli’s The Prince, page 8) what he means by this is that a sovereign should respect customs and traditions, the way people

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